ManagEnergy – Renewable Energy

How Much Geothermal Energy Does The World Use




An image showcasing a vibrant global map, with highlighted regions emitting warm hues representing the amount of geothermal energy utilized worldwide

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Have you ever wondered just how much geothermal energy the world uses? In this article, I will delve into the data and provide you with an informative overview.

We will explore global geothermal energy consumption, production by country, trends in usage, and the challenges and opportunities that lie ahead.

By the end, you’ll have a better understanding of the current state of geothermal energy and its future outlook.

So, let’s dive right in!

Key Takeaways

  • Geothermal energy has enormous potential as a clean and renewable source of power.
  • Worldwide consumption of geothermal energy reached 84.7 million MWh in 2019, and the demand continues to rise as countries transition to sustainable energy sources.
  • The United States leads in geothermal energy production, followed by the Philippines, Indonesia, New Zealand, and Mexico.
  • Advancements in geothermal energy technology have improved its efficiency to around 20%, making it comparable to other renewable sources like wind and solar.

Global Geothermal Energy Consumption

I am amazed by the global consumption of geothermal energy. Geothermal energy has enormous potential as a clean and renewable source of power. It offers numerous benefits, including reducing greenhouse gas emissions, providing a stable energy supply, and creating jobs.

According to data, the worldwide consumption of geothermal energy reached 84.7 million megawatt-hours (MWh) in 2019. This represents a significant increase from previous years, highlighting the growing recognition of geothermal energy’s value. As countries strive to transition to more sustainable energy sources, the demand for geothermal energy continues to rise. This transition is evident in the increased investment and development of geothermal power plants globally.

With such promising figures, it’s clear that geothermal energy is playing an increasingly vital role in the global energy mix, paving the way for a greener future.

Now, let’s explore the geothermal energy production by country.

Geothermal Energy Production by Country

I’m amazed at the varying levels of geothermal energy production in different countries. When it comes to harnessing geothermal energy, some countries have tapped into their full potential, while others still have a long way to go. Let’s take a look at the geothermal energy production by country:

Country Geothermal Energy Production (GWh)
United States 17,148
Philippines 13,938
Indonesia 6,843
New Zealand 6,910
Mexico 5,456

As we can see, the United States leads the pack with an impressive production of 17,148 gigawatt-hours (GWh) of geothermal energy. The Philippines and Indonesia follow closely behind, harnessing 13,938 GWh and 6,843 GWh respectively. New Zealand and Mexico also make significant contributions to geothermal energy production with 6,910 GWh and 5,456 GWh respectively. These countries have recognized the immense geothermal energy potential they possess and have invested in geothermal power plants to reap its benefits. It is inspiring to see the progress they have made and the positive impact geothermal energy has on their energy mix.

Trends in Geothermal Energy Usage

The increasing adoption of geothermal energy in various countries is a testament to its potential as a sustainable power source. As advancements in geothermal energy technology continue, its efficiency has also improved significantly. Geothermal power plants now boast an average efficiency of around 20%, which is comparable to other renewable energy sources such as wind and solar.

These improvements have been achieved through the use of advanced drilling techniques, better heat transfer fluids, and enhanced plant design. Furthermore, ongoing research and development efforts are focused on increasing efficiency even further by exploring technologies like binary cycle power plants and supercritical geothermal systems.

These advancements not only enhance the overall energy output but also contribute to reducing the environmental impact of geothermal energy production.

Challenges and Opportunities in Geothermal Energy

As a researcher in the renewable energy field, I’ve identified several challenges and opportunities in the utilization of geothermal resources.

Geothermal energy research has shown great potential for providing clean and sustainable power. However, there are hurdles that need to be overcome in order to fully harness this resource.

Some of the challenges include the high upfront costs of geothermal power plants, the limited availability of suitable geothermal sites, and the potential for induced seismic activity.

On the other hand, there are opportunities to address these challenges and improve geothermal energy utilization. These include advancements in drilling technology, the development of enhanced geothermal systems, and the implementation of supportive geothermal energy policies.

These measures can help unlock the full potential of geothermal energy and make it a more viable option for meeting our energy needs.

Looking forward, the future outlook for geothermal energy is promising as advancements continue to be made in research and technology.

Future Outlook for Geothermal Energy

In my opinion, the future outlook for geothermal energy appears promising due to ongoing advancements in research and technology. The geothermal energy market is expected to witness significant growth in the coming years, driven by increasing investments and government support. According to a report by Grand View Research, the global geothermal energy market is projected to reach a value of $9.98 billion by 2027, growing at a CAGR of 5.0% from 2020 to 2027. This growth can be attributed to the increasing focus on renewable energy sources and the rising concerns about climate change. Advancements in drilling techniques and geothermal power plant technologies are also contributing to the expansion of the geothermal energy sector. With its potential to provide clean, reliable, and sustainable power, geothermal energy is poised to play a significant role in the global energy transition.

Advancements in Geothermal Energy Geothermal Energy Market Growth
Improved drilling techniques Increasing investments
Enhanced geothermal power plant technologies Government support
Innovation in geothermal heat pump systems Rising concerns about climate change
Integration of geothermal energy with other renewable sources Growing demand for clean energy

Frequently Asked Questions

What Are the Environmental Benefits of Geothermal Energy Compared to Other Renewable Energy Sources?

Compared to other renewable energy sources, geothermal energy has several environmental benefits. It has a low carbon footprint, reduces greenhouse gas emissions, and requires minimal land use. This makes it a sustainable and environmentally friendly option.

How Does the Cost of Geothermal Energy Compare to Other Sources of Electricity?

When comparing the cost of geothermal energy to other sources of electricity, a cost comparison and efficiency analysis is necessary. It is important to consider factors such as installation costs, operational expenses, and long-term sustainability.

Are There Any Limitations to the Availability of Geothermal Energy?

Limitations to the availability of geothermal energy exist due to the need for suitable geological conditions. However, harnessing this abundant resource can provide a reliable and sustainable source of power, mitigating environmental impact.

How Is Geothermal Energy Used for Heating and Cooling in Residential and Commercial Buildings?

Geothermal energy is used for heating and cooling in residential and commercial buildings. It is an efficient and sustainable option, as it utilizes the natural heat from the earth to regulate indoor temperatures.

What Are the Potential Risks or Concerns Associated With Geothermal Energy Extraction and Utilization?

Potential risks and concerns arise with geothermal energy extraction and utilization. These include seismic activity, land subsidence, and potential release of harmful gases. However, proper monitoring and mitigation strategies can minimize these risks.


In conclusion, the global use of geothermal energy has shown steady growth in recent years. Various countries have made significant strides in geothermal energy production, contributing to the overall increase in usage.

However, challenges still remain in harnessing this renewable energy source to its full potential. Despite these obstacles, the future outlook for geothermal energy remains promising, with opportunities for further development and expansion.

As we continue to explore and invest in geothermal energy, we can pave the way for a more sustainable and greener future.

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